Listed here are a variety of scientific papers that relate to the study of gelatinous molluscs. These papers are published in scientific journals that are not available in public libraries – you will need access to a university library or online sources. Note that references with author names in color are links to abstracts (summaries) provided by several publishing companies that produce scientific journals. In most cases, the full journal papers are available online by paid subscription (check the home page of each publishing company for details).
To search for online literature, use the new Google tool below (About Google Scholar). Use any information available – author, topic, title, words that appear in title, etc. If you see a reference below that strikes your fancy, use that information for the search. Make your query as specific as possible to limit the number of search results. If you’re lucky, you’ll come up with a link to the complete research paper, or at least an abstract. This is a new service so don’t expect everything to be online, but with time it should improve.
Bé, A.W.H. and R.W. Gilmer. 1977. A zoogeographic and taxonomic review of euthecosomatous pteropoda. Pp. 733-808 In: Oceanic Micropaleontology, Vol. 1. A.T.S. Ramsey (ed.). Academic Press, London.
Bertsch, H. 1969. A note on the range of Gastropteron pacificum. Veliger, 11:431-433.
Conover, R. J. and C. M. Lalli. 1972. Feeding and growth in Clione limacina (Phipps), a pteropod mollusc.
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 9: 279–302.
Dadon, J.R. and S.F. Chauvin. 1998. Distribution and abundance of (Gymnosomata Gastropoda:
Opisthobranchia) in the Southwest Atlantic. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 64(3):345-354.
Dales, R.P. 1952. The distribution of some heteropod molluscs off the Pacific coast of North America. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 122:1007-1015.
Davenport, J. and A. Bebbington. 1990. Observations on the swimming and buoyancy of some thecosomatous pteropod gastropods. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 56:487-497.
Farmer, W.M. 1970. Swimming gastropods (Opisthobranchia and Prosobranchia). Veliger, 13:73-89.
Gilmer, R.W. 1972. Free-floating mucus webs: a novel feeding adaptation for the open ocean. Science, 176:1239-1240.
______. 1990. In situ observations of feeding behavior of thecosome pteropod molluscs. American Malacological Bulletin, 8:53-59.
Gilmer, R.W. and G.R. Harbison. 1986. Morphology and field behavior of pteropod molluscs: feeding methods in the families Cavoliniidae, Limacinidae and Peraclididae (Gastropoda: Thecosomata). Marine Biology, 91:47-57.
Høisæter, T. 1989. Biological notes on some Pyramidellidae (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia) from Norway. Sarsia, 74:283-297.
Kattner, G., W. Hagen, M. Graeve and C. Albers. 1998. Exceptional lipids and fatty acids in the pteropod Clione limacina (Gastropoda) from both polar oceans. Marine Chemistry, 61(3-4):219-228.
Lalli, C.M. 1970. Structure and function of the buccal apparatus of Clione limacina (Phipps) with a review of feeding in gymnosomatous pteropods. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 4:101-118.
Lalli, C.M. and R.W. Gilmer. 1989. Pelagic Snails: The Biology of Holoplanktonic Gastropod Mollusks. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, 259 pp.
Marcus, E. 1971. Range of Gastropteron pacificum Bergh, 1893 [sic]. Veliger, 13:297.
McGowan, J.A. 1967. Distributional atlas of pelagic molluscs in the California Current region. CALCOFI Atlas No.6 (California Marine Research Committee, 218 pp.
______. 1968. The Thecosomata and Gymnosomata of California. Veliger, 3 (Supplement):103-125.
Mills, C.E. 1994. Seasonal swimming of sexually mature benthic opisthobranch molluscs (Melibe leonina and Gastropteron pacificum) may augment population dispersal. Pp. 313-319 In Reproduction and Development of Marine Invertebrates. S. A. Stricker, W. H. Wilson Jr. and G. L. Shinn (eds.). Johns
Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
Noji, T.T., et al. 1997. Clearance of picoplankton-sized particles and formation of rapidly sinking
aggregates by the pteropod, Limacina retroversa. Journal of Plankton Research, 19(7):863-875.
Norekian, T.P. 1997. Coordination of startle and swimming neural systems in the pteropod mollusk Clione
limacina: Role of the cerebral cholinergic interneuron. Journal of Neurophysiology, 78(1):308-320.
Panchin, Y.V., P.V. Zelenin and L.B. Popova. 1997. Regeneration of central and peripheral synaptic connections in the locomotor system of the pteropod mollusc Clione limacina. Invertebrate Neuroscience, 3(1):27-40.
Satterlie, R.A., T.P. Norekian and K.J. Robertson. 1997. Startle phase of escape swimming is controlled by pedal motoneurons in the pteropod mollusk Clione limacina. Journal of Neurophysiology, 77(1):272-280.
Seapy, R.R. 1985. The pelagic genus Pterotrachea (Gastropoda: Heteropoda) from Hawaiian waters: A taxonomic review. Malacologia, 26:125-135.
Seapy, R.R. and R.E. Young. 1986. Concealment in epipelagic pterotracheid heteropods (Gastropoda) and cranchiid squids (Cephalopoda). Journal of the Zoological Society of London (A), 210:137-147.
Smith, K.L. Jr. and J.M. Teal. 1973. Temperature and pressure effects on respiration of thecosomatous pteropods. Deep-Sea Research, 20: 853-858.
van der Spoel, S. 1967. Euthecosomata. J. Noorduijn en Zoon N.V., Gorinchem, The Netherlands.
______. 1968. The shell and its shape in Cavioliniidae (Pteropoda, Gastropoda). Beaufortia, 15:185-189.
______. 1972. Notes on the identification and speciation of Heteropoda (Gastropoda). Zoöl. Meded., Leiden, 47:545-560.
______. 1976. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda (Gastropoda). Bohn, Scheltema and Holkema, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 484 pp.
Suarez-Morales, E. and R. Gasca. 1998. Thecosome Pteropod (Gastropoda) Assemblages of the Mexican Caribbean Sea (1991). Nautilus, 112(2):43-51.
Tarling, G.A., J.B.L. Matthews, P. David, O. Guerin and F. Buchholz. 2001. The swarm dynamics of northern krill (Meganyctiphanes norvegica) and pteropods (Cavolinia inflexa) during vertical migration in the Ligurian Sea observed by an acoustic Doppler current profiler. Deep Sea Research Part I : Oceanographic Research, 48(7):1671-1686.
Tesch, J.J. 1949. Heteropoda. “Dana” Report ,34:1-53.
______ 1950. The gymnosomata II. “Dana” Report , 36:1-15.
Thiriot-Quievreux, C. 1973. Heteropoda. Oceanography and Marine Biology Annual Review, 11:237-261.
______ and R.R. Seapy. 1997. Chromosome studies of three families of pelagic heteropod molluscs (Atlantidae, Carinariidae, and Pterotracheidae) from Hawaiian waters. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 75(2):237-244.
Thompson, T.E. and I. Bennett. 1969. Physalia nematocysts: utilized by mollusks for defense. Science, 166:1532-1533.
Wang, L., Z. Jian and J. Chen. 1997. Late Quaternary pteropods in the South China Sea: carbonate
preservation and paleoenvironmental variation. Marine Micropaleontology, 32(1-2):115-126.