Ctenophore References

Listed here are a variety of scientific papers that relate to the study of comb jellies (ctenophores). These papers are published in scientific journals that are not available in public libraries – you will need access to a university library or online sources. Note that references with author names in color are links to abstracts (summaries) provided by several publishing companies that produce scientific journals. In most cases, the full journal papers are available online by paid subscription (check the home page of each publishing company for details).

To search for online literature, use the new Google tool below (About Google Scholar). Use any information available – author, topic, title, words that appear in title, etc. If you see a reference below that strikes your fancy, use that information for the search. Make your query as specific as possible to limit the number of search results. If you’re lucky, you’ll come up with a link to the complete research paper, or at least an abstract. This is a new service so don’t expect everything to be online, but with time it should improve.

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Baamstedt, U.  1998. Trophodynamics of Pleurobrachia pileus (Ctenophora, Cydippida) and ctenophore summer occurrence off the Norwegian north-west coast.  Sarsia, 83(2):169-181.

Baker, L. D. and M. R. Reeve. 1974. Laboratory culture of the lobate ctenophore Mnemiopsis mccradyi with notes on feeding and fecundity. Marine Biology, 26: 57–62.

Berkeley, C. 1930. Symbiosis of a Beroe and a flagellate. Contribution to Canadian Biology and Fisheries, New Series, 6:15-21.

Bishop, J. W. 1968.  A comparative study of feeding rates of tentaculate ctenophores. Ecology, 49(5):996–997.

Buecher, E and B.E. Gasser. 1998.  Estimation of predatory impact of Pleurobrachia rhodopis
(cydippid ctenophore) in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea: in situ observations and laboratory experiments.  Journal of Plankton Research, 20(4):631-651.

Chun, C. 1880. Fauna und Flora des Golfes von Neapel. I. Ctenophorae. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, 313 pp, 16 pls.

Clarke, A., L.J. Holmes and C.C.E. Hopkins. 1987. Lipid in an arctic food chain: Calanus, Bolinopsis, Beroe. Sarsia, 72:41-48.

Cormier, M.J., K. Hori, and J.M. Anderson. 1974. Bioluminescence in coelenterates. Biochimica Biophysica Acta, 346:137-164.

Costello, J.H. and R. Coverdale. 1998.  Planktonic feeding and evolutionary significance of the lobate body
plan within the Ctenophora.  Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 195(2): 247-248.

Costello, J.H., R. Loftus and R. Waggett. 1999. Influence of prey detection on capture success for the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi feeding upon adult Acartia tonsa and Oithona colcarva copepods. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 191:207-216. 

Easterly, C.O. 1914. A study of the occurrence and manner of distribution of the Ctenophora of the San Diego region. University of California Publications in Zoology, 13:21-38.

Falkenhaug, T. 1996. Distributional and seasonal patterns of ctenophores in Malangen, northern Norway. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 140:59-70. 

Finenko, G. A., et al. 2001. Chemical composition, respiration and feeding rates of the new alien ctenophore, Beroe ovata, in the Black Sea. Hydrobiologia 451 (Developments in Hydrobiology, 155):1-9. 

Finenko, G.A., Z.A. Romanova, G.I. Abolmasova, B.E. Anninsky, L.S. Svetlichny, E.S. Hubareva, L.Bat and A. E. Kideys. 2003. Population dynamics, ingestion, growth and reproduction rates of the
invader Beroe ovata and its impact on plankton community in Sevastopol Bay, the Black Sea. Journal of Plankton Research, 25(5):539-549.

Franc, J.M. 1988. The mesoglea of ctenophores.  Bull. Soc. Zoo. Fr., 113:347-351.

Greene, C. H., M. R. Landry and B. C. Monger.1986. Foraging behavior and prey selection by the ambush entangling predator Pleurobrachia bachei. Ecology, 67(6):1493–1501.

Greve, W. 1970. Cultivation experiments on North Sea ctenophores. Helgol. Meeresunters, 20:304–317.

Gyllenberg, G. and W. Greve. 1979. Studies on oxygen uptake in ctenophores. Ann. Zool. Fenn, 16:44-49.

Haddock, S.H.D. and J.F. Case. 1995. Not all ctenophores are bioluminescent: Pleurobrachia. Biological Bulletin, 189:356-362.

Harbison, G.R. 1984. On the classification and evolution of the Ctenophora. Pp. 70-100 In The Origins and Relationships of Lower Invertebrates. S.C. Morris, J.D. George, R. Gibson and H.M. Platt (eds.). Oxford
University Press, Oxford.

Harbison, G.R., D.C. Biggs and L. P. Madin. 1977. The associations of Amphipoda Hyperiidea with gelatinous zooplankton – II. Associations with Cnidaria, Ctenophora and Radiolaria. Deep-Sea Research, 24:465-488.

Harbison, G.R., L.P. Madin and N.R. Swanberg. 1978. On the natural history and distribution of oceanic ctenophores. Deep-Sea Research, 25:233-256.

Harbison, G.R. and L.P. Madin. 1982. The Ctenophora. Pp. 707-715 In: Synopsis and classification of living organisms, Vol. 1. S.P. Parker (ed.). McGraw Hill, New York.

Harbison, G.R. and R.L. Miller. 1986. Not all ctenophores are hermaphrodites. Studies on the systematics, distribution, sexuality and development of two species of Ocyropsis. Marine Biology, 90:413-424.

Harbison, G. R., G. I. Matsumoto, and B. H. Robison. 2001. Lampocteis cruentiventer gen. nov., sp. nov.: a new mesopelagic lobate ctenophore, representing the type of a new family (Class Tentaculata, Order Lobata, Family Lampoctenidae, fam. nov.). Bulletin of Marine Science, 68:299–311.

Henry, J.Q. and  M.Q. Martindale. 2000. Regulation and regeneration in the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi. Developmental Biology, 227(2):720-733.

Hernandez-Nicaise, M.L. 1991. Ctenophora. Pp. 359-418 in Microscopic Anatomy of the Invertebrates Volume II: Placozoa, Porifera, Cnidaria, and Ctenophora, F.W. Harrison and J.A. Westfall, eds. John Wiley, New York. 

Hirota, J. 1972. Laboratory culture and metabolism of the planktonic ctenophore, Pleurobrachia bachei A. Agassiz. Pp. 465–484 in Biological Oceanography of the Northern North Pacific Ocean, A. Y. Takenouti, ed. Idemitsu Shoten, Tokyo.

_____. 1974. Quantitative natural history of Pleurobrachia bachei in La Jolla Bight. Fishery Bulletin, 72:295-335.

Hoeger, U. 1983. Biochemical composition of ctenophores. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 72:251-261.

Horridge, G.A. 1974. Recent studies on the Ctenophora. Pp. 439-468 In: Coelenterate Biology. L. Muscatine and H.M. Lenhoff (eds.). Academic Press, New York.

Ivanov, V.P., et.al.  2000. Invasion of the Caspian Sea by the comb jellyfish Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophora). Biological Invasions, 2(3):255-258.

Kideys, A.E. and U. Niermann. 1994. Occurrence of Mnemiopsis along the Turkish coast. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 51(4): 423-427.

Kideys, A. and M. Moghim. 2003. Distribution of the alien ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in the Caspian Sea
in August 2001. Marine Biology, 142(1):163-171.

Kremer, P. 1994. Patterns of abundance for Mnemiopsis in US coastal waters: a comparative overview. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 51(4):347-354. 

Kreps, T.A., J.E. Purcell and K.B. Heidelberg. 1997. Escape of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi from the
scyphomedusa predator Chrysaora quinquecirrha.  Marine Biology, 128(3):441-446.

Madin, L.P. 1988. Feeding behavior of tentaculate predators: in situ observations and a conceptual model. Bulletin of Marine Science, 43:413-429.

Martindale, M. Q. 1987. Larval reproduction in the ctenophore Mnemiopsis mccradyi (order Lobata). Marine Biology, 94:409–414.

_____. and J.J. Henry. 1997.  Experimental analysis of tentacle formation in the ctenophore Mnemiopsis
leidyi. 
Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 193(2):245-247. 

Matsumoto, G.I. 1990. Ctenophores of the Monterey Canyon (including a general key, photographs, and slides). Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Pacific Grove, California, 34 pp.

Matsumoto, G.I. 1991. Functional morphology and locomotion of the Arctic ctenophore Mertensia
ovum
(FABRICIUS) (Tentaculata: Cydippida). Sarsia, 76:177-185.

Matsumoto, G.I. and W.M. Hamner. 1988. Modes of water manipulation by the lobate ctenophore Leucothea sp. Marine Biology, 97:551-558.

Matsumoto, G.I. and B.H. Robison. 1992. Kiyohimea usagi, a new species of lobate ctenophore from the Monterey Submarine Canyon. Bulletin of Marine Science, 51:19-29.

Matsumoto, G. I. and G.R. Harbison. 1993. In situ observations of foraging, feeding, and escape behavior in three orders of oceanic ctenophores: Lobata, Cestida, and Beroida. Marine Biology, 117:279-287.

Mayer, A.G. 1912. Ctenophores of the Atlantic Coast of North America. Carnegie Institution of Washington, Publication No. 162, 58 pp.

Mills, C.E. 1996. Key to the phylum Ctenophora. Pp.79-81, 490-491 In Marine Invertebrates of the Pacific Northwest. E. N. Kozloff (ed.). University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Mills, C.E. and N. McLean. 1991. Ectoparasitism by a dinoflagellate (Dinoflagellata: Oodinidae) on 5 ctenophores (Ctenophora) and a hydromedusa (Cnidaria). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 10:211-216.

Mills, C.E. and R.L. Miller. 1984. Ingestion of a medusae (Aegina citrea) by the nematocyst-containing ctenophore Haekelia rubra (formerly Euchlora rubra): phylogenetic implications. Marine Biology, 78:215-221.

Moser, F. 1909. Die Ctenophoren der deutsche Südpolar-Expedition 1901-1903. Deutsche Südpolar-Expedition, XI. Zoologie III:116-192, 3 pls.

Moss, A.G., R.C. Rapoza and L. Muellner. 2001. A novel cilia-based feature within the food grooves of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis mccradyi Mayer.  Hydrobiologia 451 (Developments in Hydrobiology, 155):1-9. 

Moss, A.G., A.M. Estes, L.A. Muellner and D.D. Morgan. 2001. Protistan epibionts pf the ctenophore Mnemiopsis mccradyi Mayer.  Hydrobiologia 451 (Developments in Hydrobiology, 155):1-9. 

Mutlu, E. 1999. Distribution and abundance of ctenophores and their zooplankton food in the Black Sea. II. Mnemiopsis leidyi. Marine Biology, 135:603–613.

Mutlu, E., et.al. 1994. Distribution of the new invader Mnemiopsis sp. and the resident Aurelia aurita and Pleurobrachia pileus populations in the Black Sea in the years 1991-1993. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 51(4):407-421.

Mutlu E. and F. Bingel. 1999. Distribution and abundance of ctenophores, and their zooplankton food in the Black Sea. I. Pleurobrachia pileus.  Marine Biology, 135(4):589-601.

Percy, J.A. 1988. Influence of season, size, and temperature on the metabolism of an arctic cydippid ctenophore, Mertensia ovum (FABRICIUS). Sarsia, 73:61-70.

Percy, J.A. 1989. Abundance, biomass, and size frequency distribution of an arctic ctenophore, Mertensia ovum (FABRICIUS) from Frobisher Bay, Canada. Sarsia, 74:95-105. 

Pianka, H.D. 1974. Ctenophora. Pp.201-265 In Reproduction of Marine Invertebrates, Volume I: Acoelomate and Pseudocoelomate Metazoans. A.C. Giese and J.S. Pearse (eds.). Academic Press, New York.

Purcell, J.E., et al. 2001. The ctenophore Mnemiopsis in native and exotic habitats: U.S. estuaries versus
the Black Sea basin. Hydrobiologia 451 (Developments in Hydrobiology, 155):145-176. 

Reeve, M.R. 1980. Comparative experimental studies on the feeding of chaetognaths and ctenophores. Journal of Plankton Research, 2:381-393.

Reeve, M.R. and M.A. Walter. 1978. Nutritional ecology of ctenophores – a review of recent research. Advances in Marine Biology, 15:249-287.

Shiganova, T.A.  1998. Invasion of the Black Sea by the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi and recent
changes in pelagic community structure.  Fisheries Oceanography, 7:305-310.

Shiganova, T., Z. Mirzoyan, E. Studenikina, S. Volovik, I. Siokou-Frangou, S. Zervoudaki, E. Christou, A. Skirta, and H. Dumont. 2001. Population development of the invader ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi, in the Black Sea and in other seas of the Mediterranean basin. Marine Biology, 139(3):431-445.

Shiganova, T.A., et al. 2001. The new invader Beroe ovata Mayer 1912 and its effect on the ecosystem in
the northeastern Black Sea. Hydrobiologia 451 (Developments in Hydrobiology, 155):1-9. 

Stanford, L.O. 1931. Studies on ctenophores of Monterey Bay. MS Thesis, Stanford University, 73 pp.

Stoecker, D.K., P.G. Verity, A.E. Michaels and L.H. Davis. 1987. Feeding by larval and post-larval ctenophores on microzooplankton. Journal of Plankton Research, 9:667-683.

Stretch, J.J. 1982. Observations on the abundance and feeding behavior of the cestid ctenophore, Velamen parallelum. Bulletin of Marine Science, 32:796-799.

Sullivan, B.K., D.V. Keuren and M. Clancy. 2001. Timing and size of blooms of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in relation to temperature in Narragansett Bay, RI.  Hydrobiologia 451 (Developments in
Hydrobiology, 155):1-9. 

Tamm, S.L. 1980. Cilia and ctenophores. Oceanus, 23:50-59.

Tamm, S. L. and S. Tamm. 1993. Diversity of macrociliary size, tooth patterns, and distribution in Beroe (Ctenophora). Zoomorphology, 113:79-89.

______. 1991. Reversible epithelial adhesion closes the mouth of Beroe, a carnivorous marine jelly. Biological Bulletin, 181:463-473.

Torrey, H.B. 1904. The ctenophores of the San Diego region. University California Publications in Zoology, 2:45-51.

Waggett, R. and J.H. Costello. 1999.  Capture mechanisms used by the lobate ctenophore, Mnemiopsis
leidyi
, preying on the copepod Acartia tonsa.  Journal of Plankton Research, 21: 2037-2052.

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